Symptoms of varicose veins (varicose veins) on the legs

Varicose veins (varicose veins disease) is a pathological process, which is characterized by expansion of the lumen of the veins and violation of the outflow of venous blood from the legs. The venous system is a special valve, through which blood flows in one direction (up) and does not stagnate in the legs. Malfunction of these valves leads back to the blood circulation, causing venous stasis of the lower extremities and the development of symptoms of varicose veins.

Signs of varicose veins in the legs

As a rule, many of us have varicose veins in the form of enlarged, blue veins nodes the legs. This view is really one disease, but a similar condition is observed in a lot of cases running disease. In addition, such a manifestation of varicose veins are accompanied by pain, heaviness and fatigue, edema of shins and feet. To bring disease so the state is not necessary, because varices cause blood clot formation and often infection. Against this background, there is often inflammation of the blood vessels, which often impedes the blood clotting (thrombophlebitis). During venous chest has become painful seal in the form of strands, the skin loses its elasticity and color, becomes thick and dark brown. The most minor injury can trigger the sores. Varicose veins women 40 years can come to use.

Stage of varicose veins in the legs

  • Phase I of varicose veins – the complete absence of complaints regarding only cosmetic disorders;
  • Phase II of varicose veins – a feeling of heaviness, fullness, night cramps added;
  • Phase III varicose veins – marked swelling in the feet and shins, a change of skin (seal skin and subcutaneous tissue, pigmentation);
  • Stage IV - newswire canada expansion weenie trophisms tissue, ulcers.

Symptoms of varicose veins in the legs

The spider veins.

Curved, the elongation of the varicose veins, that protrude above the surface of the skin.

Changes in the skin. At first it is too dry the skin, then there are pigmented areas, which later become members of the different nature of the dermatitis, eczema and trophic ulcers.

Pain. The pain may be due to various reasons, and its nature can be different – hot, throbbing pain, pain when walking, pain and aching in the legs of a General nature, itching and muscle cramps at night, pain along the course of venous trunks.

Edemas. They are mainly divided into areas in the feet and shins.

The feeling of fullness and heaviness in the legs.

Each stage of development of varicose disease is characterized by their symptoms. The early stages of the disease so alone it is difficult to diagnose because its main symptoms (of varicose veins). It is sometimes manifested by fatigue, a feeling of heaviness and major foot pain can also be symptoms of the initial stage of the development of diseases, such as lumbar degenerative disc disease, flat feet, diseases of the blood vessels. In this situation patients need to visit a vascular, phlebology, and optionally, a neurologist, a surgeon. An accurate diagnosis is determined the ultrasound .

Typically, the woman begins to alert you when under the skin of the thighs or legs is clearly beginning to shine through the thin vessels or "suddenly" is an ugly red or bluish veins or patterns, and not necessarily their appearance is associated with dis comfortable feelings. In addition, the pattern of blood vessels on the skin growth, skin changes, becomes tempting. Hoping to get rid of the unpleasant cosmetic defect women to visit a specialist.

Symptoms of varicose veins1

Only the appearance of the main symptom of the disease – protruding varices (or node) on the inner surface of the legs or thighs, began directly to a woman the idea that she is not okay with the veins. But the moment passed, disease develops and progresses. Long stay on his feet during the day or a long walk cause the appearance of other symptoms of varicose veins - fatigue, heaviness, feeling of fullness, usually in the calf area, pain in the region of varicose veins, acute or whine present in nature. These symptoms added to the swelling (the closer the evening, the morning pass) and night cramps in the calf muscles. Initially, these symptoms occur from time to time and goes away after a good rest. I hope the recovery is not necessary, if the disease is not treated, it progresses just. In general, remember that if the varicose veins arise, to cure him forever, it is possible not only to develop complications and delay or prevent surgical intervention, which, by the way, also is not a guarantee of getting rid of the disease forever, but it gives a long-term effect.

With the development of the disease all these symptoms appear more frequently and more acute, and continue to appear, familiar to the eye, inside skin of the vein is dark blue, protruding above the skin of feet and legs in the form of bunches of grapes. There is heat, swelling become commonplace.

Other symptoms of the disease changes in the skin, the skin becomes too dry, the dark color, and a little later began to experience trophic disorders (prolonged healing of eczema, ulcers). Pain has at this stage become unbearable. The disease is considered to be very advanced, the treatment of varicose veins rasshireniyami foot in this case is usually functional in nature. What method is used to decide the doctor-phlebologist and vascular surgeon in each case individually. Without the operational treatments applied at earlier stages of the development of varicose veins for small changes in the skin.

Symptoms of varicose veins2

Causes of varicose veins in the legs

  1. Genetic predisposition.
  2. The sex of the patient.
  3. Pregnancy.
  4. The use of hormonal drugs and contraceptives.
  5. Excessive vigorous or intensive exercise.
  6. The profession is associated with sedentary work or prolonged standing on his feet.
  7. Not a healthy diet.
  8. Overweight, obesity.
  9. Wearing uncomfortable, tight clothes and shoes.
  10. Hypodynamia.
  11. Congenital weakness of the vascular wall.
  12. The immune system and endocrine disorders.
  13. Disruption of the valvular device to the venous system.
  14. Violations of the blood flow.

When you should immediately contact your doctor?

If the following symptoms should immediately contact a doctor:

  • If the pain in the leg that it is impossible to stand, in this case, the skin is hot to the touch.
  • If you suddenly appeared shortness of breath, not enough air, I felt weak.
  • If the diseased area of skin oozing blood.
  • As a result of varicose veins in the legs

    Rash, and eczema.

    Inflammatory disease that occurs on the background of stagnation of venous blood in the lower extremities. Occurs in the skin in the form of redness of the lesions, with irregular edges and is accompanied by severe itching and the appearance of small cracks and bubbles.

    Trophic ulcer.

    Occurs on a background of eczema and is characterized by the appearance of the foot is a painful long one wound that does not heal. Heaviness in the legs increases, the patient is unable to stand for long periods of time.

    Acute thrombophlebitis.

    Expressed as inflammation of the wall of varicose veins, accompanied by the formation of its lumen of the clot. The disease is characterized by severe pain in any position, redness, increased body temperature, the seals during under the skin, which is located in the blood vessels. Sometimes clots disappear on their own, but most often it occurs so that the lumen of the vein is completely blocked, creating the risk of obliteration and sclerosing the affected vein.

    With further progression of the disease are prerequisites for the development of the rising thrombotic phlebitis and thrombosis LeBeau, the latter affects the deep venous system, causing a blood clot blood clot of the pulmonary artery. Without treatment can block blood flow and developing gangrene.

    Rupture of varicose veins.

    Serious bleeding occurs, requires immediate medical treatment.