Varicose veins in the genitals: why it occurs and how it is treated

A disease such as varicose veins of the genitals affects regardless of gender. Among women, pregnant women often suffer from varicose veins. In short, varicose veins are not excluded if there are factors that adversely affect blood flow in the pelvis. The characteristic manifestations of the pathology seriously interfere with a normal lifestyle. Identifying the problem at an early stage will prevent consequences.

Why does the violation occur?

A woman is worried about the excruciating pain due to genital varicose veins

There are enough reasons for the development of such a disorder of the reproductive system as varicose veins.

Pathological causes can be:

  1. genetic predisposition. Such patients should always be involved in prevention to minimize the risk of an unpleasant phenomenon. You should definitely tell your doctor about the presence of such a factor, because some drugs can cause dilation of perineal vessels.
  2. bad habits. There are many smokers. Everyone knows about the negative effects of nicotine. Thanks to vitamin C, which is destroyed by nicotine, the venous walls remain strong. In a person who has smoked for a long time, pathology is possible without any inclination. And it is caused by nicotine.

    There is no less harm than excessive consumption of alcohol.

    Inflammatory processes are observed in venous tissues as a result of alcohol exposure.

  3. Wrong lifestyle. Dilation of blood vessels in the genitals is usually the result of daily activities. The patient is either in a sitting position or is forced to stand for long periods of time during work. Of course, the disease will not occur in a few days, but if this situation continues for years, it should not be surprising to see the appearance of pathology.
  4. Hormonal disorders. The disease is found in many organs of the perineum due to hormonal imbalances. This is due to the fact that certain arteries keep the arteries in good condition. There are many causes of hormonal disorders, but often the problem is found during adolescence or pregnancy, as well as with the onset of menopause.
  5. Excess body weight. A person who is prone to weight gain should keep in mind that as the weight increases, so does the load on the organs, especially those in the small pelvis.

Genital damage and surgery in the perineal area can also cause varicose veins.

If we talk about purely male causes of the appearance of pathology, the development can be associated with:

  • excessive tension of the bladder;
  • damage to the genitals;
  • lewd sexual intercourse;
  • use of erection tools.

Characteristic manifestations

If a woman suffers from a venous lesion, the disease manifests itself in the following forms:

  • swelling of the labia;
  • swelling of the vessels (there are many random interconnected nodules);
  • formation of sclerae and spider veins in the mucous membrane and skin;
  • dry skin in the perineum and its irritation;
  • itching, numbness or painful sensations;
  • burning or discomfort;
  • dysuric disorders.

These symptoms tend to increase during sexual intercourse, physical exertion and after going to the toilet.

The patient usually complains of excruciating pain that spreads to the sacrum and perineum. Negative symptoms worsen the psychological condition. The mood worsens, nervousness increases.

At the initial stage, a small nodule forms without any clinical manifestations. The number of nodes increases over time. Their sizes also vary. Such formations do not allow normal sitting, walking and sexual activity.

On palpation, you may notice the presence of gradually increasing venous nodules and bumps. There is pigmentation in the affected skin area.

In men, the cause of varicocele is blood stasis in the scrotum

A common disease in men is varicocele, in which the blood vessels in the testicles dilate. Initially, blood flow to the scrotum is disrupted. Once blood stasis occurs, it begins to accumulate as the genital area increases.

This can lead to pathological infertility. Doctors only recommend surgical treatment.

A patient with varicose veins of the penis will suffer from pain during sexual intercourse. Dilated veins are found in the body.

Possible complications in women

It is impossible to delay treatment, because the pathology often turns into serious consequences.

In particular, the situation may be further complicated:

  1. Infertility.
  2. inflammatory processes.
  3. Nervous tension.

Pregnancy can continue with some difficulties, as it can lead to malfunctions of the pathological reproductive system. If the disease has started, infertility is not excluded. Loss of reproductive ability is explained by the transfer of inflammation affecting the blood vessels to the tissues of the main reproductive organ. As a result, the appearance of ulcers, foci infected with bacteria. The problem is solved operatively.

When the inflammatory process in the genitals lasts too long, the flora is disrupted, so infections and fungi can affect the body. Ignoring the cause of inflammation, ie the treatment of varicose veins, worsens the condition. In the future, it will be very difficult to determine the root cause of the disease.

When failures occur in the reproductive system, a woman's body reacts severely to them. Thus, the nervous system begins to suffer.

Genital varicose veins lead a woman to irritability and irritability

Varicose veins can be caused by:

  • irritation;
  • rapid fatigue;
  • excitement.

Venous dilatation contributes to a chain reaction in which many functions are disrupted. Even if there is a small reason, the result can be serious.

Features of diagnosis and treatment

The diagnosis is made by a phlebologist.

The exam itself is performed using:

  • dopplerography;
  • phlebography;
  • laparoscopy;
  • computed tomography.

The last two methods are rarely used. In addition, you will need to donate blood for analysis and an extended coagulogram.

To eliminate the disease, the doctor prescribes conservative treatment, in which case patients should wear compression underwear, use anesthetic creams and certain medications.

In addition, there is a need:

  1. Sclerotherapy.
  2. Labioplasty.
  3. Microthermocoagulation.
Sclerotherapy is an effective treatment for genital varicose veins.

The last three treatments are contraindicated during pregnancy.

Sclerotherapy is an injection technique that can completely remove the altered vessels. The affected area is cooled by air. Further application of a special solution helps to narrow the arteries and push the blood. As a result, the flow stops, which prevents the formation of blood clots. Then the affected area is squeezed on both sides for 5-7 minutes.

Sclerotherapy is the most effective way to get rid of the problem.

Preventive measures

You should know that varicose veins cannot be completely cured. Qualified professionals will simply help you get relief.

At the end of the course of treatment, the patient should use prophylactic drugs to prevent recurrence:

  1. If there is a genetic predisposition, the gynecologist should know about it. At the same time, it is advisable to refrain from the use of hormonal agents. This also applies to contraceptives.
  2. Early pregnancy during puberty can be complicated if the girl has a high probability of genital varicose veins. This period is characterized by active hormonal changes, so the hormones that maintain vascular tone may not be enough. And when pregnancy occurs, the risk of varicose veins increases even more.
  3. It is important to educate the younger generation about the risks that early sexual intercourse can bring.
  4. If you have bad habits, it is wise to break them. Various drugs in the form of tablets with patches or chewing gum will come to the rescue.
  5. Also, do not turn a blind eye to excess weight. Obesity does not always occur with an excessive passion for food. The disease will not go anywhere until the patient is engaged in the normalization of weight.

It is quite possible to eliminate genital varicose veins. Modern medicine offers many ways to get rid of the problem quickly and painlessly. The only thing is that the disease should be recognized in time, and then it will be possible to return to a normal lifestyle as soon as possible.

24.03.2022