A set of therapeutic exercises for varicose veins of the lower extremities

Varicose veins are a disease that is more and more common in a person due to the characteristics of modern life. With the advent of technology, sedentary lifestyles, the disease is becoming more widespread and younger, but there is another side to this issue.

An integrated approach to treatment is very important to cope with varicose veins, including medication, alternative therapies, and sometimes surgery. Also, with a carefully selected system of exercises, treatment is not possible without exercise therapy.

Varicose veins and the reasons for its development

Blood vessels - these vessels play an important role in the human body, they return blood to the heart. As for varicose veins, it is not an enlargement like the deformation of these vessels, as a result of which they also lengthen, the walls become thinner and a defect of the valve system develops, so the blood circulates in the veins worse and stagnates in them.

In the early stages of varicose veins, if a person feels only a slight discomfort due to increased fatigue of the legs, increased swelling and minimal external manifestations, in the later stages of the development of the pathology, the vessels become swollen. strongly bulges on the surface of the skin, forming vascular nodules. Finally, the pressure in the arteries increases so much that it becomes intolerable, subcutaneous hematomas, trophic ulcers appear, and in addition thrombophilia may develop.

The reasons for the development of varicose veins are very diverse, we list only the most of them:

  1. Hereditary predisposition to the weakness of the previously mentioned valves or their congenital deficiency.
  2. Excessive loads on the legs, mainly static, when a person has to stand for a long time (usually this is a problem for cooks, hairdressers, salesmen, etc. ). But it also takes into account the increased physical stress on the legs due to heavy physical labor or even heavy exercise as a result of being overweight.
  3. At the same time, varicose veins often develop due to disruption of blood circulation and lack of muscle contraction caused by a sedentary and sedentary lifestyle. This is the reason why the disease "rejuvenates" every year, because people spend more and more time sitting at the computer (in the office or at home), watching TV and so on.
  4. Hormonal disorders - more often this reason applies to women. We are talking about the restoration of the hormonal background during pregnancy, hormonal disorders during menopause or due to the use of strong hormonal drugs.
  5. One of the most dangerous reasons for the development of varicose veins, which a person can rarely do anything, are various pathologies of blood clotting.
Exercise for varicose veins

Benefits of therapeutic exercises

As can be seen from the above, when it comes to varicose veins, a person's physical condition, as well as the degree of physical activity, play an important role. The onset of the disease can occur with both lack of mobility and overload.

As for therapeutic exercises, it can and should be applied not only to treat varicose veins, but also to prevent the development of the disease. In both cases, the positive effects of exercise therapy are multifaceted:

  1. Improves the ability of the leg muscles to contract in the bloodstream. This has a positive effect on venous and lymph flow, thereby reducing the likelihood of obstruction.
  2. Vascular tone increases due to regular dose loads.
  3. Therapeutic exercise improves peripheral blood circulation.
  4. Of course, the endurance of the legs and the whole body increases, health improves.
  5. In addition to improving venous blood flow, exercise therapy has a positive effect on arterial flow, creating balance as it should in a healthy body.

At the same time, the lack and indifference to therapeutic exercises, especially if the disease is already developing, can lead to its development, aggravation of edema, stagnant processes, and so on.

Training complexes

To prevent the development of varicose veins in the legs, it is important to maintain good physical shape, as well as monitor the load on the lower extremities. So people who sit a lot during the day should warm up every hour. For those who spend most of the day on their feet and even in a static position, it is important to change loads, as well as to periodically rest their legs (sit, light massage).

In addition, it is important to engage in physiotherapy exercises for both the prevention and treatment of varicose veins. You should contact a specialist to dose the load and prepare the most appropriate set of exercises. However, we can highlight the general basics of the exercises shown for varicose veins and talk about them:

sports bike for varicose veins
  • You need to take a sitting position to perform the first exercise, a hard chair is best. Sit down and cross your legs in front of you, then stand on your toes in turn without getting up, and return to your heels. This easy task can be done without avoiding the work process, even while sitting at a computer at work.
  • There is also an exercise similar to the increasing load, which must be performed on the feet. To do this, stand up straight, feet together, on your toes, and back on your heels. In both cases, the exercise consists of 20 continuous repetitions of the described movement, several approaches are possible.
  • Sitting in a chair, lift one leg and hold the weight, rotate the leg, extend the ankle. Repeat 20 rotations first in one direction, then in the other, then switch legs and do the same.
  • "Cycling" is a familiar exercise and we will describe the process. Lie on the floor on a hard surface, ideally with a blanket or gym mat in advance. Bend your knees, lift your legs off the ground and make rotational movements, as if turning the pedal. Perform 15-20 rotations in 3-4 sets, take a break, allow your feet to rest.
  • "Scissors" is another simple and familiar version of therapeutic exercises for everyone. We stand on our backs again, but now the straight legs are lifted off the ground and we take turns crossing them. This is more difficult than it seems, so it is worth starting with 5-10 repetitions in 2-3 sets.
  • Another effective and fairly simple variation of exercise therapy with a chair. Put a chair and lie down so that your feet are on its seat (not only the legs, but also part of the lower leg). Then take turns lifting your legs, bending them at the knees and pulling them to your chest, then return to the starting position.
  • We sit in a chair or bed again, feet shoulder-width apart. Lift your socks, stand on your heels, and move and combine your socks in turns, moving in different directions.
  • It is also very useful to make a "maple tree". To do this, lie on the floor and help yourself with your hands, support your back, raise your legs to the ceiling, pull your body off the ground. Reaching the highest point, standing on the shoulder blades and elbows, supporting yourself in the lumbar region, you should lift your legs vertically upwards and extend a string. If you can't finish the exercise right away, you can get up, put your feet up, and then lean your hips against the wall, or ask someone to help you.
training scissors for varicose veins

It is important to remember! It is important to do all the exercises with at least one instructor for the first time to do everything correctly and not to be overloaded. Also, each exercise provides a certain frequency of repetitions and approaches. Regularly, it is necessary to do therapeutic exercises every day, and even better to do it several times a day, for example, in the morning and evening.

Complementary Therapies

Therapeutic diagnosis for varicose veins gives the best results when exercising in the early stages of the disease. However, it includes a complex of treatments at all stages of the development of varicose veins. To increase the therapeutic effect, you can diversify exercise therapy with other treatments:

  • Massages - if you do regular physiotherapy exercises, you will visit a masseur, the effect will increase many times. Massages help to keep muscles and blood vessels in good condition, eliminate painful and unpleasant sensations, swelling, and improve blood circulation. The main thing is to conduct massages with a course of at least 10 sessions and find an experienced qualified masseur.
  • Sports - In addition to therapeutic exercises, you can also do sports. It is better to choose light sports such as swimming or yoga.
  • Diet is another important requirement for anyone who is serious about treating varicose veins. Try to eliminate fatty, fried, smoked, spicy, salty, sour and sweet foods from your diet, or at least minimize their consumption. Light and vitamin-rich foods, fruits, vegetables, grains, etc.

Contraindications to physical therapy

Especially if we are talking about varicose veins and physiotherapy exercises, there can be only one contraindication to its use - you can not overload during exercise, and they should not cause serious discomfort.

The remaining contraindications in principle can be attributed to sports in this disease:

  1. You can't do professional sports, because training involves regular intensive training.
  2. Exercise excludes weight lifting.
12.03.2022