Varicose veins in pregnant women
One of the favorable factors for the occurrence of these changes is pregnancy.
Causes varicosity during pregnancy
varicosity of the veins during pregnancy develops as a result of changes in the body of the expectant mother, the structure of his body and change the way of life for women. There are some specific factors that trigger the disease:
- Hormonal changes. During pregnancy increased levels of progesterone relaxing the muscles of the uterus, but it is a "side effect": the relaxation of walls of blood vessels. The result is rising, the veins can actively pump blood to stagnate, which promotes the expansion of blood vessels – a vicious circle!
- Increased venous pressure – the blood of pregnant women will become more fluid. It is necessary to improve the blood circulation to the fetus. But the veins is not so good, due to their continued expansion.
- Increased blood clotting because your body is preparing to leave, the woman has not lost too much blood after the placenta separated. But if varicose veins have already begun, tendency to thrombosis tolu worsen the situation.
- Decreased physical activity – pregnant women often prefer to lie than to do some gymnastics. However, if there are no contraindications, the exercises must be done! Or take long walks on foot. All this will improve blood circulation and help prevent varicose veins. Read more about exercises for expectant mothers
Type varicosity during pregnancy
By the way, the varicosity can be different. Like those who during pregnancy occur most often:
- varicosity during pregnancy groin – the appearance of the groin too veins, women feel "races pirania" in this field;
- varicosity of the uterus during pregnancy is the result of hereditary predisposition and the hard work of the iliac veins. Can also be due to long-term inflammation, abortion, the failure of the menstrual cycle, etc.;
- varicosity of the vagina during pregnancy is quite common form of the disease, which most often affects women, whose mother and grandmother suffered from varicose veins of the legs;
- and finally, a varicosity in the legs – the most common form of this disease.
Treatment of varicosity
All the methods can not be used for the treatment of varicose veins, can be applied to women in "interesting position". For example, sclerotherapy (the injection of special drugs) and surgery – radical, but most effective ways for pregnant women is absolutely contraindicated. They should not be used even in case if a woman is planning for the next two years to become a mother, because then relapse almost inevitable.
Therefore, the only funds varicosity during pregnancy, which probably does not harm the expectant mother or baby – wearing compression underwear (socks and tights) and different operators for local use (creams, lotions). If we talk about the latest, well-proven tools based on heparin and horse chestnut extract . If your doctor has recommended the use of compression tights , be prepared to use them and childbirth – this time significantly increases the risk of blood clots.
How postpartum varicosity?
Varicose veins is not only the birth of the baby. You just need to pay more attention to their health. The doctor suggested for the prevention of thrombosis and phlebitis. Also the question of how to give birth – natural or caesarean section. You may decide that you together with your gynecologist and phlebologist. If possible, preference is always given to natural childbirth. But before the birth you will need to use compression stockings .
No varicosity after the birth?
By the way, many people wonder: if, during the pregnancy, the doctor diagnosed "varicosity", what to expect after childbirth, and recovery or, on the contrary, aggravation of the situation? Unequivocal answer to this question will not give you one, even a doctor. It all depends on your body. Some women after childbirth forget what varicose veins (at least for a while), while others continue to suffer and search for ways to solve this issue. So, how can the treatment of varicosity after the birth?
Today medicine can offer 2 ways for the treatment of varicose veins: conservative – with the help of medications and surgical surgical procedure.
After birth, women often develop, in addition to the varicosity, and even venous thrombosis, an inflammation of the walls of the veins, venous thrombosis. The symptoms are usually some of the tension veins, painful on palpation, redness of the affected area of the body, until the temperature rises. If you see, all these unpleasant phenomena, seek medical attention immediately and be prepared for the fact that he number of hospital treatment.
Now you need some rest, and most of the time the legs should be in a good position. If we talk about medical treatment this season, so in such cases usually prescribe sulfonamides, antibiotics, anti-inflammatory drugs and if necessary painkillers. Sometimes doctors are fighting the problem by using coagulants – medicines that prevent blood clotting. There is one feature: they can be taken not earlier than 3 days after delivery to avoid uterine bleeding.
Prevention of varicosity of veins during pregnancy
As usual, to prevent the disease is much easier than curing. Therefore, every woman needs to know prevention of varicosity during pregnancy – regardless of whether he had a predisposition to this disease.
If you or your relatives with such problem never faced, you don't spend the whole day on my feet and you are not overweight – prevention of varicose veins is not difficult. If all these "aggravating" factors are evident, then a preventive measure you should use double diligence: it really gives very good results.
By the way, remember, that each subsequent pregnancy increases the risk of occurrence and development of the varicosity.
If you notice that the leg appeared dilated venous pouches (even very small), go to a surgeon: the doctor to see the entire pregnancy during and for some time after birth.
How to avoid varicosity during pregnancy
Long let (minimum 2 hours) Hiking the city has become a daily habit. It is a good exercise for the calf muscles and blood circulation when walking is greatly improved. It is only in extreme heat should stay home.
Another good option is swimming: this exercise, and water massage. It is useful, that it is useful for the spine, which grows in the stomach feels like a heavy load.
You can also be a useful contrast shower, only the temperature difference should not be too large, otherwise it can become bad (not because of varicosity, but simply because of the "interesting terms"). Guided by emotions.
Make sure to carefully choose shoes. No heels! If the heel, short (3-5 cm) and stable. It should not be rubber bands, bandages, compressing and tightening the legs – it is a violation of blood circulation. The same is true for a tight rubber band socks.
During the day, try to periodically lie down for 15-20 minutes with raised legs. Seen movies like Americans sitting at the foot of the table? We believe that it is acceptable, but what a great prevention of varicosity! Table legs, of course, throw not necessarily, but a soft pillow.
When you learn to sleep only on my left side: it will ease the pressure on uterus veins, which is the right and reduce the venous pressure in the legs. Try to connect under the belly of a small pad, it is very convenient.
Prevent varicosity during pregnancy, and only in good health, try to share throughout the day the time you spend with the provisions of the "standing-sitting-lying down." All extremes are inappropriate: it is not necessary to go to exhaustion or to lie on the couch for 10 hours straight.
Do not sit at the feet of the feet, especially on a low seat.
Adjust your meals. Firstly, it is important to normalize the bowel, and, secondly, a beneficial effect on the condition of the veins is on a special diet, which we describe below.
Note the liquid: it should be a lot. It is water, juice and soup, and vegetables contain a lot of water (cucumbers, for example, consist of his 97%). Very useful for you as red wine grape juice: a glass a day reduces the activity of platelets 75%.
Blood clotting reduce with cranberries, celery, onion, garlic, kiwi, cherries, tomatoes.
And you can reduce blood viscosity and increases the elasticity of the vessel walls needs iodine. It is found in seafood (especially seaweed) and iodized salt.
varicosity during pregnancy is not so scary, if you don't know what to do and not to worry once again about this. Follow the program and not get sick!
Start the mechanism of the disease development is considered pregnancy, and it is observed during this period, hormonal changes and the growing pressure of the uterus on the pelvic vessels.