Varicose veins in men

Varicose veins develop significantly less in men than in women. The onset of the disease is mainly due to hereditary predisposition. The initial factors of the pathological appearance are excessive physical force and abuse of alcoholic beverages.

The doctor examines the legs of men with varicose veins

Causes of varicose veins in men

The following factors can cause varicose veins in men:

  • intense physical activity;
  • labor activity involving a long stay in a permanent position;
  • bad habits;
  • passive lifestyle;
  • high blood viscosity;
  • diseases of the cardiovascular system;
  • excessive body weight;
  • eat large amounts of meat products.

Symptoms depending on location

Manifestations of leg pathology depend on the stage

vascular network with varicose veins in men

In the early stages of development, the following symptoms of varicose veins appear in men:

  • heaviness in the lower extremities;
  • swelling that disappears after sleep;
  • skin sensitivity disorders;
  • appearance of the vascular network.

If the causes of varicose veins in men are not clarified and the necessary therapy is not carried out, the disease progresses. In the advanced stages, patients experience the following symptoms:

  • pain syndrome in the lower extremities;
  • severe swelling that does not go away after sleep;
  • varicose dermatitis;
  • significant dilation and deformation of vessels;
  • darkening of the skin.

Varicocele

The disease is an enlargement of the vessels of the pampiniform plexus of the spermatic cord. Men have the following symptoms of varicose veins:

  • asymmetry of the scrotum;
  • increased pain syndrome during erection and movement;
  • presence of grape-shaped formations in the vessels detected by palpation.

Hemorrhoids in men

Distinguish the following symptoms:

  • pain syndrome in the rectum;
  • combustion;
  • hemorrhoidal prolapse.

Varicose veins of the digestive system

This disease of the esophageal varices mainly develops as a result of liver disease. In this case, patients complain of the following symptoms:

  • appearance of a lump behind the sternum;
  • difficulty swallowing;
  • heartburn;
  • belching with a sour taste;
  • darkening of feces.

Diagnostic measures

Ultrasound diagnosis of varicose veins in men

If a man feels varicose veins in his legs, it is important to seek medical attention immediately.

At the time of admission, the doctor asks the patient how long the undesirable symptoms have occurred, as well as additional questions that will help determine the cause of the disease.

The doctor then continues the visual examination and palpation of the affected areas. Finally, the patient's diagnosis is sent for the following examinations:

  • dopplerography;
  • ultrasound procedure;
  • phlebography.

How is the treatment going?

Conservative therapy

If swelling is found in the early stages, treatment of varicose veins is carried out with the help of drugs that have a venotonic effect. Thanks to such drugs, it is possible to narrow the lumen, restore the function of closing the valve, normalize blood circulation and reduce its density. If the veins in the legs of men are strongly swollen and varicose veins are complicated by the presence of blood clots, antiplatelet agents that allow the blood clots to dissolve are prescribed. Drugs with an active ingredient called heparin are mainly used.

Proper pharmaceutical product and its duration of use can be determined only by a specialist who takes into account the stage of the disease and the individual characteristics of the patient's body.

Surgical intervention

In men, the initial symptoms of varicose veins are often overlooked, so members of the stronger sex go to the hospital in a situation where large and swollen veins are noticeable in the legs and feet. In this case, conservative therapy practically does not affect the positive outcome of treatment and requires surgery. The following minimally invasive methods are considered the most effective:

  • Laser blood clotting. In the process of manipulation, a laser beam acts on the vessel wall, which helps to eliminate blood stasis.
  • Phlebectomy. The surgeon removes the dilated vascular area.
  • Sclerotherapy. A special substance is injected into the affected vein, sticking the blood vessels together.

Folk remedies

If the initial stage of the disease is found in young men, it is permissible to refer to the prescriptions of healers. However, doctors draw the attention of patients to the fact that folk remedies can be used only after consultation with a specialist and in combination with traditional treatments. The most popular recipes of the people:

  • Kalanchoe. The leaves of the plant are crushed and vodka is added to them. Send to infuse for 2 weeks in a dark and warm place. After preparation, the agent is applied to the skin of the lower extremities twice a day. The duration of such therapy is at least 3 months.
  • bal. The product is applied to the area where the veins come out, then wrapped in polyethylene on top and secured with a bandage. The first day compress is 2 hours, the second - 3. Then it is allowed to apply all night. Treatment is recommended for 3 weeks.
  • cabbage. The leaves of the vegetable are beaten, one side is rubbed with vegetable oil and applied to the inflamed veins of the abdomen or other parts of the body. The top is fixed with a bandage and left for a day. Preferably 30 such manipulations are required.

Why are varicose veins dangerous?

thrombosis of the lower extremities with varicose veins in men

A disease that affects the blood vessels of the lower extremities can lead to the following consequences:

  • bleeding;
  • thrombosis of superficial venous vessels;
  • deep vein phlebothrombosis.

The most dangerous complication of varicose veins is pulmonary embolism. Occurs due to blockage of the pulmonary artery by a thrombus coming out of the venous walls.

Doctors believe that varicocele is a harmless disease. Potency does not suffer with it. However, in exceptional cases, the disease can cause the following consequences:

  • disorders of spermatogenesis;
  • infertility.

With regard to hemorrhoids, such complications are not excluded:

bleeding of esophageal vessels with varicose veins in men
  • bleeding from hemorrhoids;
  • infection that causes an inflammatory process;
  • thrombosis or necrosis of hemorrhoids.

Excessively dilated vessels of the esophagus can cause life-threatening bleeding.

If we talk about varicose esophageal varices in the male population, the most serious result of the doctor is the development of bleeding from them.

Even small but systematic bleeding can cause anemia.

Excessive bleeding, which can lead to acute blood loss, is not ruled out. This condition often ends in death.

Prevention

Patients will have to give up alcohol and smoking to prevent a disease such as male varicose veins. It is important to reduce the load on the lower extremities, including lifting heavy objects, standing for a long time, and strength training. Despite this rule, physical activity should still exist. Doctors recommend regular walks in the fresh air and visits to the pool. An important therapeutic exercise is exercise. The set of exercises should first be agreed with a specialist.

If a man's special activity involves sedentary work, you should periodically get up and lie down, alternately standing on your heels and toes, which will help restore damaged blood circulation. When a person is prone to varicose veins, it is necessary to take venotonic drugs systematically for prevention. If symptoms of varicose veins appear, it is important not to delay a visit to the hospital. A timely visit to the doctor will allow you to diagnose the disease and carry out its therapy, which will prevent the development of complications.

21.02.2022