How to prevent varicose veins: preventive measures
One in four people suffers from varicose veins, and gradually the disease affects more and more young people, which can be explained by the changed rhythm of modern life. Those who are at risk of developing this pathology can prevent this unpleasant process in advance, which will save a lot of time and money spent on treatment.
Prevention of varicose veins at home is not difficult: anyone, regardless of age, can apply these measures, and financial costs will be minimal.
Who is at risk
Varicose veins are a real threat not only to the non-aesthetic appearance of the feet, but also to human health. If this disease is not treated in time, serious complications, such as the formation of blood clots in the arteries, often occur only with surgery. Properly implemented preventive measures can prevent all possible unpleasant consequences, because varicose veins will not occur by themselves.
There are groups of people who are individually prone to the formation of varicose veins of the lower extremities. Heredity can be a culprit, as this trait is often observed in several related generations of men and women. Lifestyle and individual characteristics of the body can also play a role. Risk factors include:
- Women. Although men are just as susceptible to the disease as women, varicose veins are still more common in members of the weaker sex. This process is especially affected by pregnancy.
- Sedentary lifestyle. Most modern people prefer quiet recreation that does not require physical activity. However, active rest should be preferred to prevent varicose veins and other unpleasant diseases. Even an hour and a half walk will benefit a tired person more than watching a movie at the same time.
- Sedentary occupations. It often occurs in people on pathological duty, who are always in the same position. There are office workers, trucks, salesmen, surgeons, etc.
- Athletes. People who suffer from severe physical stress on their legs often suffer more from varicose veins.
- Old age. With age, many people experience poor blood circulation, especially if they have other cardiovascular diseases.
- Overweight. The heavier the body, the more load on the legs and the more tired.
Preventive measures should be aimed primarily at people at risk. However, anyone should take care of their health and it is advisable to reconsider your lifestyle and habits to avoid possible diseases, including varicose veins. For those who already have this pathology, it will be useful to take preventive measures to block the unpleasant symptoms and reduce the risk of complications and relapses after treatment.
Prevention and treatment of varicose veins often go hand in hand, so the doctor can already give similar advice to sick patients.
The basis of prevention of any disease is the transition to a healthy lifestyle. This will be useful to get rid of existing pathologies, or at least alleviate them, as well as to prevent many serious diseases. If you stick to all your goals, you will soon feel better both physically and psychologically.
The less weight you have, the less tired your legs will be and the faster your blood circulation will take place. Due to the constant pressure in the lower extremities, the blood stagnates and thickens, resulting in the gradual formation of varicose veins, which can later be complicated by thrombophlebitis.
Almost anyone, even a very obese person, can get rid of extra pounds, the only exception being people with various diseases that do not allow them to diet or exercise. You can manage a small amount of excess weight yourself, but in advanced cases you will need the help of a specialist. You should contact a dietitian to choose a suitable diet and a fitness trainer to choose effective physical exercises.
Give up bad habits
Smoking and drinking alcohol damage the whole body and especially the circulatory system. It is especially harmful for continuously used tobacco products. Nicotine dependence causes the walls of blood vessels to become thinner and muscles to lose tone, resulting in swollen veins in the legs of women and men.
You can quit smoking on your own or with the help of professionals, as in the case of excess weight. To date, there are pharmaceutical products such as nicotine patches and chewing gum that can help in the fight against drugs. You can also contact the clinic or start attending special trainings.
If you are not overweight, you can still benefit from exercise as a preventative measure against varicose veins. You can walk, run, swim or ride a bike. If the symptoms of varicose veins have already manifested themselves, then strong physical force in the lower extremities should be avoided, for example, long-distance running should be avoided.
It is recommended that all people prone to varicose veins change their daily routine. Many people simply do not know how to relax, spend all their money on work and earnings, but in the end it can lead to serious health problems. Chronic fatigue causes the body to wear out gradually, and many diseases, including varicose veins, can occur simultaneously or one after the other. To prevent this, try to go to bed at the same time, preferably at 8 o'clock.
In addition, in everyday life, women should stop wearing high-heeled shoes, the optimal height of which should be 5 cm, and it is not recommended to always wear flat soles. This simple method will avoid the appearance of spider veins and subsequent dilation of the veins.
It is better to prefer cool or warm water when taking water treatments, and better - a contrasting shower. In addition, if you have free time, you can take foot baths with soothing essential oils or soothing herbal decoctions. High temperature is contraindicated in the presence of varicose veins in the legs, which applies not only to baths and showers, but also to baths and saunas.
For those who are sedentary, it is undesirable to cross one leg during this period, it is necessary to sit straight to relax the lower extremities. At the same time, it is recommended to get up every hour and a half and perform the simplest preventive exercises for the feet, for example, rolling from toe to heel.
For those who already suffer from varicose veins or are only prone to their formation, it is not recommended to wear tight clothing around the legs and groin. Things that make you feel comfortable should be preferred. It is also necessary to pay attention to the composition of the products. 6 pieces should be natural, not synthetic.
It has a special compression underwear that helps keep the leg muscles in good condition and prevents the formation and further development of varicose veins. Such products are developed by medical companies specifically for patients with leg pain. You can buy compression stockings and other underwear at the pharmacy, but keep in mind that a quality product will cost more, so you need to choose more carefully to avoid fraud.
There is also a men's version of underwear that helps prevent varicose veins - compression stockings, no different in appearance from the usual.
Compression underwear provides optimal pressure on the lower extremities, keeps the arteries in the correct position and does not allow them to dilate. Such products should be worn strictly according to the doctor's prescription, as there are contraindications. Immediately after waking up, you should wear underwear before getting out of bed and take it off before going to bed or undergoing water procedures.
Since it is not always possible to avoid varicose veins with simple preventive measures, medications can be used in cases where the disease may soon be felt. They are divided into preparations for external use (ointments, creams, gels) and internal (tablets, solutions, injections).
Any tool for external use is purchased in a pharmacy, not in a cosmetic store, because in the first case, the drug will be more effective. Ointments, gels and creams give noticeable results, cool the skin, eliminate swelling, fatigue and heaviness in the extremities, as well as eliminate spider veins. Among the invisible improvements are the strengthening of the walls of blood vessels and the stimulation of normal blood circulation. In most cases, these medications are affordable and, when used properly, can prevent varicose veins.
Sometimes the use of external preparations alone is not enough and additional oral agents or injections are required. In most cases, such measures are required in the early stages of varicose veins, but as a prophylactic measure in people prone to this pathology, the doctor may prescribe medication. In most cases, tablets are prescribed to normalize blood flow, strengthen the walls of blood vessels and tone the muscles. Injection procedures are performed only in clinics and are prescribed with a high probability of the inevitable appearance of varicose veins.