The best guide against varicose veins: from symptoms to treatment

female legs without signs of varicose veins

There is an undeclared war going on in the world.

War against varicose veins. And it goes on to varying degrees of success.

It is impossible to accurately calculate the number of people with varicose veins. However, studies show that more than 30% of women and about 20% of men suffer from this vascular disease.

Perhaps you are one of them. And maybe you don't know about it.

What are varicose veins and why are they dangerous?

Varicose veins disease- Swelling of the arteries of the legs, which occurs when the venous valves weaken and blood circulation is disturbed. Here's how it goes.

Healthy arteries pump blood from the legs to the heart through special valves that prevent blood from flowing to the legs under the influence of gravity. But sometimes the valves empty. For this reason, some of the blood is stored in the arteries, increasing the pressure on them. The venous walls dilate and are damaged.

Dilated arteries pump blood worse, so it stagnates. Thus, over time, the veins grow more and more. The legs of people with varicose veins sometimes appear to be wrapped in a tourniquet under the skin.

Varicose veins are not only a shame for the ugly appearance of the feet, but also a more serious problem. It is accompanied by the appearance of many unpleasant symptoms and dangerous complications. We will talk about them in detail later.

First of all, let's understand how to diagnose the disease, because in order to win, you need to recognize your enemy by sight.

How to recognize varicose veins - 5 main symptoms of the disease

Varicose veins manifest themselves as characteristic symptoms. They occur in the early stages of the disease and appear more and more often. Here is a list of them:

  1. Tired feet at the end of the day. Yes, fatigue after work is not uncommon. But if it does not pass after rest, it is an alarm.
  2. convulsions. Leg cramps do not always indicate vascular problems. If they rarely occur and do not bother you, there is no need to run to the doctor. However, recurrent and painful seizures are a good reason to see a phlebologist.
  3. Edema of the legs. Swollen feet look scary and cause less pain. Edema does not always indicate vascular problems, but often occurs with varicose veins. For example, when it appears at the same time as other symptoms of varicose veins.
  4. Change in skin color. With vascular disease, blood circulation is disrupted, and therefore certain areas of the skin in the legs become light or dark. This problem cannot be solved with simple ointments.
  5. Vascular spider webs. Such a cosmetic defect is not the same as varicose veins. Patterns of blue, purple, or red blood vessels on the skin occur when they overflow with blood. If the blood comes from an enlarged vein, then the problem is with varicose veins.

Be aware of the symptoms of varicose veins. Many people do not treat the disease in time because they do not know all its symptoms.

They think: "It's just that after work my legs get tired, it's okay. The edema doesn't hurt, so don't worry. "

And you have to worry. The sooner you detect the symptoms of the disease and consult a doctor, the easier the treatment will be. Vigilant citizens will receive a gift - the opportunity to treat varicose veins without surgery and frequent visits to the phlebologist.

We do not say this just to make your life easier. Timely treatment will protect you from deadly danger.

Examined by a doctor for varicose veins of the legs

Varicose veins mark the "bomb" timer

Although the symptoms of varicose veins are unpleasant, they rarely cause serious concern. It is not uncommon for people to suffer from symptoms for years and not see a doctor.

Does this mean that it cannot be treated?

Unfortunately, no. Varicose veins are constantly developing. The disease develops at different rates depending on the characteristics of the organism. However, the result is always the same - without treatment, the condition of the vessels inevitably deteriorates.

Here is the threat.

First, the symptoms of the disease appear more often. If at first you were worried about swelling several times a week, now they are constantly tormenting you. This also applies to cramps, fatigue and other symptoms.

Second, varicose veins disrupt the nutrition of tissues near the diseased veins. Therefore, incurable wounds appear - trophic ulcers. They will not go away on their own and can cause gangrene if left untreated.

Third, blood clots form in the arteries due to circulatory disorders. They are called blood clots. They block blood vessels, which further complicates blood flow. Sometimes blood clots "break down" the circulatory system, even entering the lungs, heart and brain. If they cut the dishes there, it can be fatal.

As you can see, initially varicose veins are not dangerous, like a timer-operated bomb. If the disease is not "neutralized", then the patient risks his life.

According to statistics, 95% of people with varicose veins develop trophic ulcers and blood clots.

We strongly recommend that you make an appointment with a phlebologist immediately after the onset of symptoms. To prepare for their possible appearance, read the ones that cause problems with blood vessels.

Who gets the "black mark" of varicose veins

There is no common factor that triggers varicose veins. The risk of disease is people with the following symptoms:

  • Heredity. If your family members have problems with blood vessels, you will probably have them too. Nothing can be done about it. If you have congenital weakness of the venous valves, monitor the condition of the vessels.
  • Injuries and operations. If you damaged your arteries during an accident or if the surgeon hit them during the operation, they are more likely to dilate. Damaged ships do not withstand loads well.
  • Excess weight. More body weight means more blood. The more blood circulates in the body, the more it compresses the venous walls.
  • Great physical activity. For example, this factor applies to weightlifters. If you lift weights or other weights regularly, then you are more likely to develop varicose veins.
  • Women. All studies show that women have more vascular problems than men. For example, it is facilitated by hormonal imbalances and increased stress on the arteries during pregnancy.
  • Age. With age, the entire body, including the venous walls, weakens. Therefore, limit the load on ships in old age.
  • Passive lifestyle. If you do not sit still for a long time, then blood circulation deteriorates. Blood stasis occurs. The pressure on the venous walls increases, which causes the vessels to dilate.

It turns out that some factors are impossible to influence, while others are very possible. Throw the last and all forces.

How dangerous are varicose veins without treatment?

Diagnosis of varicose veins in the legs

We know that we have already talked about the complications of this disease. But since this is not only related to your health, but also to life, we repeat - without treatment, varicose veins can cause death.

What happens if varicose veins are not treated for several weeks?

Most likely, there is nothing to worry about. The disease will not hurt in such a short time. Thus, it is not necessary to start treatment on the day when symptoms appear. For example, if you see a spider's web on vacation, you don't need to cut it and go home. Be sure to see a doctor when you have free time.

Even if surgery is required, do not be afraid. Using modern methods, your doctor will get rid of varicose veins quickly and painlessly.

We will now describe these procedures in detail.

Modern methods of treatment of varicose veins

In the past, in order to get rid of varicose veins, surgeries were performed that left visible marks on the body and could damage the veins.

But medicine still does not stop.

Phlebologists now use low-trauma treatments, including:

  1. Endovasal laser coagulation. It is prescribed for dilation of vessels up to 10 mm. Helps treat trophic ulcers & vascular neoplasmsThe procedure lasts no more than 40 minutes. Does not leave scars and does not cause pain.
  2. Foam sclerosis. The method is used to treat varicose veins of 10 mm or more. The doctor treats the patient's veins with a special foam - it even sticks to large veins. The operation does not take more than 20 minutes. It is completely safe and painless.
  3. Miniflebectomy. The procedure is performed for the treatment of varicose veins and veins with a diameter of 10-18 mm. It helps to get rid of edema and normalizes blood flow. The operation does not take more than an hour. After that, there is only a bruise that disappears in 2 weeks.

What is the best treatment for varicose veins?

One to be determined by a phlebologist. He will diagnose and choose a treatment that will quickly free you from diseased blood vessels. Just follow his instructions and wait for recovery.

Useful products against varicose veins

healthy foods for varicose veins

Diet may be required to prevent and slow down vascular disease. If you want to forget about varicose veins - eat less flour and fatty foods. It adds weight. As you know, obesity causes an increase in pressure on the venous walls.

But what products are useful:

  • Olive or sunflower oil - they contain vitamin E. Improves vascular elasticity & helps withstand heavy loads
  • Hazelnuts, currants, hips - these products contain vitamin P, which strengthens the venous walls.
  • Any vegetables and greens - they are rich in fiber, vitamins and trace elements. Eat them every day and your blood vessels will strengthen.

We also recommend drinking at least 2 liters of fluid every day. You can use plain water, but natural juices are better. They thin the blood and reduce the likelihood of blood clots.

From examination to recovery - how to treat varicose veins

You decide to see a doctor. And rightly so, there is no need to suffer from leg cramps, vascular spider webs or other symptoms of varicose veins.

First of all, you should be diagnosed with varicose veins by a phlebologist. He will not only examine your feet and your medical history, but will also do an ultrasound of your varicose veins.

This study allows you to see any obstruction to the movement of blood in the arteries. The doctor will also assess the function of the venous valves. After that, he will make an accurate diagnosis.

Only complex treatment helps to get rid of varicose veins. For example, you will be given advice on compression stockings, diet and lifestyle changes. In the early stages of the disease, surgery is usually not required.

However, if the disease goes away and the arteries are badly damaged, surgery is irreplaceable. It is good that modern methods get rid of varicose veins quickly and painlessly.

Even after the operation, you should strictly follow the doctor's instructions - wear compression stockings, follow a diet and do not damage the arteries.

Doctors will treat varicose veins quickly without wounds and pain

If you decide to consult a phlebologist, we recommend that you consult a professional medical center that specializes in the treatment of varicose veins.

Phlebologists are not only medical, but also research. Specialists are developing their own inventions that will help treat varicose veins. Their articles are regularly published in scientific journals.

Only modern equipment is used in professional clinics:

  • Ultrasound systems help to study and diagnose diseased blood vessels down to the smallest detail.
  • Ultrasound navigation increases the accuracy of vascular treatment and prevents damage to healthy tissues.

Do not delay, contact a specialist as soon as you see the first signs of varicose veins in the legs. Remember that the initial stage is easier to treat than the advanced one.

14.02.2022