What do varicose veins look like in the legs?

Varicose veins are a very insidious disease, because the first signs of its development are usually not noticeable to a person. As a rule, the patient feels fatigue and heaviness in the legs as a result of hard working days.

This is true in many cases, but it is not a reason not to monitor the condition of the vessels in the lower extremities. Therefore, we will talk more about what this disease is and look at the types and degrees of manifestations of varicose veins in the photo.

Varicose veins - a characteristic feature of the pathology

Varicose veins in the legs are not only a cosmetic problem that causes people to worry about their appearance, but also a very dangerous pathology that requires adequate, timely treatment and preventive measures.

Reference.Women suffer from varicose veins several times more than men.

Varicose veins of the lower extremitiesA disease characterized by the formation of varicose veins. In addition, there is a violation of blood flow, which causes stagnation in the circulatory system.

To understand what varicose veins are (see picture), you need to consider the process of their formation. . .

The mechanism of formation of varicose veins

There are veins in the legsspecial valves. . . They carry outdo not allow blood to flow in one direction (upwards) and stagnate.

Failures in the operation of these valves lead to thisthe blood is able to move in the opposite direction (down), which prevents it from being expelled.

As a result, the arteries lose their normal elasticity and begin to dilate and deform under blood pressure. All this leads to the development of the initial stage of the disease.

Reference.Symptoms of the disease can be seen in various parts of the lower extremities, especially in the thighs, below the knees, in the legs; Varicose veins of the foot are also quite common (pictured below).

Varicose veins in different parts of the lower extremities

There are many factors that contribute to the development of this pathology:sedentary lifestyle, physical exertion, starting with bad habits, hereditary predisposition, hormonal disorders, ending with congenital weakness of the vascular wall.

Many people who do not understand the seriousness of the problem do not rush to see a specialist, but begin to treat themselves.

However, this is not an option, because the independent use of intravenous drugs is harmful to health. Moreover, they alone cannot solve the problem. A competent integrated approach is needed here.

Determining the developmental characteristics of the pathology, we will further consider what varicose veins in the legs look like, depending on the degree of development.

Types of disease

The structure of the venous system is very complex and includes large, medium, small, reticular vessels, capillaries.

Deformation of blood vessels in the lower extremities can manifest itself in all parts of this system, as well as in some areas.

Depending on which veins are affected, the following varicose veins in the legs are removed (pictured below):

  1. Reticular.
  2. Segmental.
  3. Trunk (in the basin of large or small saphenous veins).
  4. Perforated.

Each type of varicose veins of the lower extremities requires a detailed examination according to the characteristics of the pathological process (picture attached).

Reticular

This type of disease is characteristicdamage to reticular vessels, not more than 2 mm in diameter. These ships are blue or green and are often intertwined in the form of whites, lines, and stars. They are located immediately under the skin.

This phenomenon most often occurs in the form of blue whites on the lateral surface of the thigh.

Manifestations of reticular varicose veins - types of vascular networks and stars

It is not dangerous because it does not cause serious complications. . . In addition, no pain or discomfort was observed.

This is the only concernugly appearance of legs,female representatives suffer a lot.

Reference.Cosmetic varicose veins are the unofficial name for this pathological form.

In medicine, methods such as microflebectomy, foam sclerotherapy and laser sclerotherapy are used to remove cosmetic defects.

Segmental varicose veins (left) and healthy veins (right)

Segmental

It happensdefeat of one or more canal vessels with a diameter of 3 mm or more.

Whereno pathological blood flow in the opposite direction (reflux)in the system of large and small sapen vesselsthrough perforating veins.

reference. . . The segmental form of the disease is often observed in the early stages.

Treatment generally involves non-surgical methods.such as sclerotherapy. To solve the problem usually requires several sessions of such treatment and daily use of compression underwear for a month.

As an alternative to this treatment, segmental surgery can be performed in an outpatient setting using local anesthesia.

Varicose veins of the large (left) and small (right) magmatic vessels

The spine

It is noteddamage to the trunk of a large or small saphenous vein with the occurrence of valve insufficiency, as a result of which the dilation of the canal vessels develops.

The occurrence of the described root reflux is also noted.

This type is the main mechanism and diagnostic criterion for the dynamic development of the disease.

Treatment of such varicose veins in the legs (pictured in this section) involves the use of minimally invasive technologies.

This type of therapy is especially important for difficult and uncommon pathological forms. Therefore, the sooner the patient consults a specialist, the more effective the therapy.

Reference.Trunk disease with small vascular lesions is less common, and large vascular lesions are more common.

Perforation of varicose veins of the lower extremities requiring surgery

Perforated

Perforation of blood vessels- an important component of the vascular system of the blood supply in the lower extremities of a person.

reference. . . Perforated veins connect deep veins with superficial veins.

What happens in such a situation is the defeat of these ships.

Valvular insufficiency and blood flow to the saphenous vessels are observed, so they dilate.

With great damage to the arteries and their significant size, an effective treatment is surgery.

However, if 1-3 perforators are damaged, minimally invasive techniques can be used.

The degree of varicose veins of the legs

The world scientific system has systematized the manifestations of varicose veins of the lower extremities.

reference. . . This classification is called CEAP (Clinical Etiology Anatomy Pathology).

According to the classification, there are 7 degrees (stages) of the disease:

  • zero- a condition in which a person experiences heaviness, edema, convulsions in the legs, but does not manifest itself visually. No deviations are detected during special examinations;
  • 1 degree varicose veins (see picture below)- spider veins appear and the same symptoms are observed as in previous degrees;
  • second- protruding veins or blue knots, which can increase in size due to excessive physical force or prolonged stay in one position;
  • third- All of the above symptoms are complemented by regular swelling, especially noticeable in the evening. It may disappear in the morning, but reappear in the evening;
  • fourth- Trophic processes in the vascular system begin due to insufficient nutrition. The skin around the veins becomes brown or black. Inflammation of the skin can develop: from mild redness to large weeping sores;
  • fifth- 4 degrees of all symptoms and clearly extending trophic ulcer;
  • sixth- active, incurable trophic ulcer.
Stages of development of varicose veins of the lower extremities

Such a disease should be treated immediately, and the sooner the better. Not only are the final stages of varicose veins dangerous, but they are also serious complications that can lead to death.

In addition, photos of the first stage of varicose veins look quite normal, but the images of the latter are shocking.

The result

Information and pictures of varicose veins should make you think about your health and lead a proper lifestyle. In this case, preventive measures are an opportunity to prevent this disease.

If the blood vessels are damaged due to the anatomical features of the body, you should start their treatment immediately.

27.08.2021