Why do varicose veins manifest themselves in most women?

In women, the prevalence of a disease such as varicose veins reaches 25%. It is a disease in which the arteries grow without a tendency to heal. The disease mainly affects the lower parts of the trunk.

causes of varicose veins in women

The onset of the disease is a cosmetic concern for the fair sex, but it is not the biggest problem that can be associated with varicose veins.

Blood stasis can lead to disruption of tissue trophism with the development of thrombosis, ulcers and gangrene, and a complication such as thromboembolism is possible.

Reasons

Varicose veins are more common in women because there are possible conditions:

  1. pregnancy;
  2. to take birth control pills;
  3. High heels.

However, there are common reasons for the development of the disease:

  • hereditary predisposition;
  • to spend most of the time on one's feet;
  • high physical activity;
  • hormonal diseases.

It is necessary to determine the development of the disease in the early stages, when the adoption of measures will help to slow down the future development of the disease.

Varicose veins of the pelvic region

Most often, women with varicose veins affect the legs, but in some cases there is a genital vein. This condition not only causes pain and heaviness of the perineum, but also has a very strong impact on a woman's intimate life.

Weakness of the venous valves, obesity, long-term tension in this area, etc. It can cause such a problem. However, these types of abnormalities occur during pregnancy and aggravate the condition of the fetus.

Varicose veins of the labia clinically manifest themselves as the appearance of various formations as a result of filling the veins with blood, bumps, nodules or cords.

Tightness, tension, swelling occur in the affected area. Often all this can be accompanied by a violation of urinary excretion.

A weak and enlarged wall can rupture at any time, which is often the case with such a pathology during childbirth and causes bleeding.

Varicose veins of the genitals also affect other parts of the pelvic organs - the uterus and vagina. This condition is often triggered during pregnancy because large amounts of progesterone released cause an increase in blood volume, retain fluid in a woman's body, and at the same time reduce the motility of the vessel wall.

For these reasons, varicose veins of the uterus and vagina may develop during pregnancy. It should be noted that postpartum vaginal varicose veins, as a rule, disappear, but in the decompensation phase of the pathological process, which can continue later, causing severity, tension and significant discomfort.

Varicose veins in childhood

Dilation and blockage of blood vessels in childhood is an abnormality that is difficult to diagnose. Most often, the disease occurs in women of reproductive age, but sometimes it occurs in adolescence. This pathological condition rarely occurs in isolation. Often, it is accompanied by weakness of the venous system of the legs and other organs in the perineal region.

The most common causes of varicose veins in childhood are:

  1. Frequent and difficult labor.
  2. Congenital structural features of blood vessels.
  3. Taking hormonal contraceptives.
  4. Hormonal breaks.
  5. Often inflammatory processes.
  6. Forced heavy lifting.

Varicose veins of the uterus are often localized in the lower abdomen. Intimate life also suffers from this - anxiety or heaviness during or after sexual intercourse, and in more advanced cases, severe pain. Menstruation, without open bleeding, lasts longer with less discharge.

Diagnosis

Such manifestations are not specific, so it is difficult to diagnose correctly. Varicose veins of the uterus can be suspected only by an experienced specialist during the examination.

To clarify the disease, they usually use a research method such as intravaginal ultrasound and an X-ray method using contrast.

Phlebography not only helps to prove the presence of the disease, but also helps to determine its stage. This information is very important to determine further treatment tactics.

methods of treatment of varicose veins in women

Treatment

Varicose veins of the uterus are rare, but it is a very serious disease. In addition, all diseases tend to worsen during pregnancy. It is therefore advisable to plan your pregnancy in advance, as many remedies for varicose veins cannot be used with it to avoid harming the baby.

However, if you do not take any measures for treatment, complications can occur in the form of placental insufficiency, thrombophlebitis and ovarian vascular thrombosis.

Treatment of such pathology should be decided by a phlebologist, and a woman during pregnancy should make an appointment with a vascular doctor only after consulting a gynecologist.

You should be prepared for the fact that such therapy can be prolonged and that it will take a lot of patience to follow the doctor's instructions in a disciplined manner.

Conservative treatment is recommended during pregnancy:

  • combination of work with good rest;
  • limit physical stress and stressors;
  • a complete ban on lifting weights;
  • a rational diet with plenty of fiber and vitamins;
  • regulation of the intestines (prevention of constipation);
  • not to smoke or drink alcohol;
  • regular walks;
  • if possible, hold a horizontal position during the day with raised legs;
  • use a contrast shower aimed at the perineal area;
  • Wear compression underwear, preferably individually selected.

Use of the drug is necessary only in extreme cases after childbirth or during pregnancy. To improve the condition, pills are generally recommended, you can use horse chestnut products, of course, but only help in mild to moderate severity of the disease.

In the absence of conservative treatment, surgical methods are used. In extremely difficult situations, vascular resections or even removal of the uterus are used.

Laser therapy is a modern way to get rid of this pathology. With varicose veins of any degree, it is recommended to refrain from taking contraceptives with hormones.

21.03.2021