Varicose veins of the lower extremities

Science has shown that varicose veins of the legs develop only in humans. This is due to the fact that a person is always in an upright position, so the circulating blood is under the heart. The walls of the vessels and blood vessels of the lower extremities are subjected to excessive pressure, so they wear out quickly.

Why does varicose veins occur?

What are varicose veins? This is a subcutaneous swelling of the peripheral vessels, when it acquires the appearance of a strong swollen internal mixture of a blue color. At the same time, knots form inside and the valve is destroyed. Therefore, the blood flow cannot rise and the blood vessels begin to see pressure due to blood stasis. When it reaches its maximum, blood flow is sharpened and the excess stretches the walls of the arteries, so that the arteries are visible under the skin. Vascular networks are formed, strongly visible nodules are formed in the legs - these are varicose veins of the lower extremities.

When to treat leg varicose veins

The main causes of varicose veins are pregnancy, obesity, erection, hereditary weakness of the connective tissue. The initial symptoms of the disease are:

  • burning, feeling of heat in the veins of the lower extremities;
  • pain, heaviness in the legs;
  • weakness in the upper and lower extremities;
  • night cramps;
  • Thickening of the skin of the calf and a dark color.

There are three stages of varicose veins of the lower extremities. The classification of the disease is as follows:

  1. Compensation phase.The initial stage can take more than a year. Manifestations of venous insufficiency are sometimes completely absent. The patient is worried about the rapid fatigue of the legs, the appearance of spider veins.
  2. Subcompensation phase.It may take several years. An open deformation of the vessels develops, blood flow is disturbed, the valves of the deep vessels are affected. Swelling occurs regularly, at night cramps, the skin on the legs turns brown.
  3. Decompensation phase.The symptoms of varicose veins worsen, the affected area increases, and the legs and feet are constantly swollen. Complications develop at this stage of the disease: age spots, subcutaneous tissue impregnation, ulcers.

How to treat varicose veins

About 70% of women and men in the world have varicose veins, so it is understandable why people are interested in treating varicose veins. Modern medicine offers medical, physiotherapy and surgical therapy. The following procedures to get rid of varicose veins in traditional medicine:

  • sclerotherapy when the walls of blood vessels are frozen;
  • Hirudotherapy, in which leeches move in the arteries by helping them to dissolve.

Medications

Capsules, tablets, injections (injections) are often used for drug treatment of varicose veins of the lower extremities. Most common:

  1. Anti-inflammatory drugs.Reduces swelling, reduces pain, prevents platelet adhesion.
  2. Blood thinners.Prevents blood clotting, thins and improves blood circulation.
  3. Phlebotonics. Improve the tone of the walls of blood vessels, increase blood flow, eliminate swelling and burning.

Operation

Doctors prescribe surgery for varicose veins if no other treatment helps. There are several types of surgery:

  1. Phlebectomy.Affected veins are removed from varicose veins. The procedure is performed through small incisions in the lower extremities.
  2. Slaughter.The affected vein and all its branches are removed. The operation is performed through an incision in the groin.
  3. Laser therapy.The beam of light enters the veins through the holes. As a result, they become intoxicated, dissolved, and disappear.
how to properly wrap your legs with varicose veins of the lower extremities

How to wrap leg veins

Elastic compression is an effective non-surgical method in the treatment of varicose veins. First, the required length, extension, and dressing width are selected with the physician. 10 minutes before the procedure, the patient's legs should be lifted and stretched, and the bandage should be applied in the same position. Without forgetting the heel, you need to start from the feet, gradually moving to the lower leg. Each turn of the bandage is placed almost halfway over the previous one. The final bend is located 10 cm above the affected veins.

Traditional methods

How to treat varicose veins without chemicals and surgery? There are folk recipes that will relieve some of the symptoms of a chronic disease:

  1. coconut tincture.A powerful drug that relieves swelling and pain. Pour ground nutmeg (100 g) with vodka (0, 5 L). Insist for 10 days after shaking each day, then strain, take 3 times a day, 20 drops each until the bottle is completely empty.
  2. A decoction of verbena leaves.Perfectly tones blood vessels, strengthens the surface walls of blood vessels. Pour 1 tbsp. 2 tablespoons of boiling water. l. herbs, then infuse. Drink broth for 1 tablespoon 3 times a day. l. within a month.
  3. Garlic infusion.Eliminates heaviness in the legs, restores disorders of the venous wall. Chop peeled garlic (250 g), cover with liquid honey (350 g) and leave for 14 days. Take 1 tablespoon after infusion. l. 3 times a day. You must take the drug within 30 days.
folk remedies for the treatment of varicose veins of the lower extremities

Varicose veins can be prevented

To eliminate the risks of varicose veins, it is necessary to get rid of the main causes and external factors: smoking, alcohol, unhealthy diet. Varicose veins of the lower extremities are caused by a lack of fiber-rich foods in the diet. It is an intestinal cleanser that removes toxins, pus, toxins and radionuclides from the body.

Disease prevention

To prevent varicose veins, doctors recommend that you drink at least one and a half liters of plain water every day, control your weight and do gymnastics for your legs. Sudden changes in temperature have a negative effect on the arteries, so it is necessary to avoid overheating and colds. For the same reason, drastic climate change is undesirable and it is better to rest in your own climate zone.

13.03.2021