Types of varicose veins

There are different types of varicose veins, but in everyday life this disease is generally understood as varicose veins of the lower extremities.

Varicose veins are a pathology of the venous vessels and can develop not only in the veins of the legs, but also in other organs, such as under the skin and in the internal organs.

Not all types of this disease have been studied by medical researchers. In some cases, it is not possible to make a reliable diagnosis due to the lack of a symptomatic picture of the disease.

Depending on the stage of the disease, all types of varicose veins can be divided into three main stages:

  • compensation;
  • subcompensation;
  • decompensation.

Each of these stages of the disease has its own symptomatic manifestations.

What are varicose veins and what does it affect? There are different types of this type of pathology. Able to affect certain organs and parts of the vascular bed of the human body

Researchers have reliably identified the presence of such varicose veins:

  1. Varicose veins of the small pelvis.
  2. Pathology of venous vessels of the esophagus.
  3. Disorders of venous circulation in the vascular system of the uterus.
  4. Diseases of the venous circulatory system of the lower extremities.

Each of the above varicose veins affects a specific area of ​​the venous part of the circulatory system

Varicose veins of the small pelvis

The symptomatology of this type of disease is similar in many respects to the symptomatology of gynecological diseases. This similarity in symptoms makes it difficult to diagnose, recognize pathology, and make an accurate diagnosis.

The main symptoms of this type of disease are pain and discomfort in the abdomen. Anxiety occurs when the body is stressed or when a person is under stress.

In addition to these symptoms, the patient may experience problems with urination and pain during or immediately after sexual intercourse.

Women suffering from this disease have menstrual irregularities and infertility.

Different types of examinations of the patient's body are used to make a correct diagnosis. The exam uses the following methods:

  • ultrasound examination;
  • dopplerography;
  • laparoscopic examination.

Causes of this type of disease:

  1. overweight.
  2. Having bad habits.
  3. Hypodynamics.
  4. Pregnancy.
  5. Compression of pelvic vessels by the uterus.
  6. Having a hereditary predisposition.
  7. Use of some drugs in the treatment process.

The main tasks of medical intervention in the treatment of pelvic varicose veins are:

  • toning of venous vessels;
  • increase in the elasticity of the vascular wall;
  • Prevention of stagnation in the vascular bed of the pelvic region.

Compression underwear is the main aid in the treatment of this type of varicose veins. In addition, it is recommended to do a number of special exercises and take special medications that help to normalize blood flow in the small pelvis and normalize the body's hormones.

In the early stages of the pathology, in addition to drug treatment methods, alternative methods can be used to normalize the condition.

Among the most popular traditional medicine methods are the following:

  1. Solutions based on wild chestnuts.
  2. Products based on dandelion sources and infusions. Calendula and maple mushrooms.

In addition, it is recommended to prevent root and vascular diseases. It is recommended to consume this root plant in the form of both raw and carrot juice.

The main types of varicose veins in the leg veins

Varicose veins of the legs are characterized by the appearance of changes in the veins. These changes include dilation of blood vessels and an increase in their length. As the length increases, the venous vessels become tangled and tangled

There are several types of vessels of the lower extremities - primary, secondary, reticular and internal.

The main form of venous bed enlargement is a pathology that affects the lower extremities and causes trophic ulcers that do not heal for a long time in the absence of therapy.

The secondary form is the result of the development of venous thrombosis or other vascular diseases. The secondary form of varicose veins is also called post-thrombotic disease. This form of the disease is progressive and provokes the appearance of venous stasis, which most often develops in the legs and lower legs.

Reticular varicose veins are a pathological form that affects the superficial, smallest venous vessels. Often this form of the disease develops on the lateral surfaces of the lower extremities. In the process of progression of this type of varicose veins, swelling occurs in the legs, which leads to the appearance of violence. Often this form of the disease begins to manifest itself, the formation of spider veins.

The causes of varicose veins in the legs are:

  • sedentary lifestyle;
  • smoking addiction;
  • wear uncomfortable shoes;
  • obesity;
  • pregnancy;
  • high physical activity in the limbs;
  • over 45 years old;
  • Various disorders of circulatory processes.

The reasons for the development of reticular varicose veins are:

  1. Hormonal changes in the body.
  2. Excessive physical force on the lower extremities.

Various diagnostic methods and instrumental examination of the patient's body are used to identify and accurately diagnose the disease.

Doctors often use the following methods for examination:

  • Ultrasound examination of the vessels of the lower extremities;
  • Contrast venography.

In the absence of adequate therapy for the disease, severe complications such as thrombophlebitis, venous hemorrhage, tissue oxygen starvation - hypoxia can develop.

Esophageal varicose veins

This form of varicose veins is congenital, but in some cases may develop in response to pathological changes in the portal vein. Such pathological changes are most often the result of the development of liver disease, the onset of heart failure and disturbances in the processes that supply blood to the spleen.

The disease can be almost asymptomatic for a long time. The main symptoms of such a pathology are an increase in the volume of the abdomen, swelling of the venous vessels in the umbilicus. Acute weight loss. Frequent belching, signs of jaundice and burning sensation in the chest area.

In the later stages of the pathological disorder, life-threatening complications can develop, such as rupture of esophageal varices and the appearance of internal bleeding.

Often, the progression of this pathology leads to death if such a patient is not given the necessary medical care in a timely manner.

The choice of the type of medical care depends on the stage of development of the pathological disorder and the individual characteristics of the organism.

When vascular pathologies are detected, medical or surgical treatment is applied. The choice of treatment is made by the attending physician, taking into account the characteristics of the patient's body and the results of the examination.

Varicose veins of the uterus

The characteristic symptomatology of the pathology mainly coincides with the development of gynecological diseases. This makes it very difficult to diagnose and establish the true cause of the onset of unpleasant symptoms.

The main symptoms of such a disease are abdominal pain that spreads to the lumbar region and sacrum. Painful feelings, as a rule, intensify during and immediately after sexual intercourse, and there is an increase in pain after the application of increased physical force on the body.

One of the signs of the development of varicose veins of the uterus may be a severe course of premenstrual syndrome.

The main causes of the onset of the disease are hormonal imbalances in the body (excess of the male hormone progesterone in the body), the use of hormonal contraceptives such as contraceptives, frequent abortions, the development of inflammatory processes and disturbances in ovarian function. The presence of a hereditary predisposition has a certain effect on the development of the disease.

When a disease is detected, the degree of development is determined and treatment is prescribed based on the results of the examination. Depending on the stage of development, various techniques can be used, primarily aimed at normalizing the venous circulation and strengthening the walls of venous vessels.

29.01.2021