How to treat varicose veins in legs

Throughout history, people suffering from varicose veins in the legs. It is believed that this disease is a kind of vengeance of our straight walking – no other mammal has not encountered such problems. Women are more susceptible to disease than men. Is the age factor, but the doctors say that in recent time, the varicose veins in the legs is much younger – among patients it is now up to the students.

What is a varicosity in the legs

How to treat varicose veins on legs1

Varicose veins, bulging swollen, knotted veins – as it seems varicosity , know, probably all. So let's talk about that during his illness occurs inside the veins.

At varicosity vein elasticity decreases and as a result, they expand. Inside the veins are characteristic of the valves that regulate blood flow to the heart of the lower limbs. If these "gates" are not working properly, then no problem. In case of failure of their activities, and develop varicosity. The valves are closed, preventing the movement of blood to the heart, when it stagnates in the veins. Naturally increases the pressure and pushes the blood in the deep veins thicker, thinner closer to the skin of the vessels. The system of these veins is not adapted to such a quantity of blood, when their walls are not only excessive stretch, but more and destroyed.

The result of this process become clearly visible on the skin spider veins, which themselves are a serious aesthetic problem. The disease progresses, a thin weakened veins are becoming more pronounced, with a distinctive blue color, thicken, and soon they appear as nodules.

The causes of varicosity

There are many factors that significantly increase the likelihood that a person suffering from varicosity:

  • Genetic inheritance from parents or grandparents, in front of the varicosity, the offspring can "take" the Vienna special structural (weakness of connective tissue, imperfect valves, etc.); and then, without the constant compliance with the preventive measures I'm sure he must sooner or later come to the patient's diagnosis of "varicosity the legs."
  • Hormonal fluctuations – most often it affects women (menopause, menstruation, pregnancy, etc.), what explains the apparent gender selectivity of the disease; in addition, the risk of varicosity growth and treatment – it is scientifically proven that they contain female sex hormones and their deputies greatly reduce the elasticity of the venous walls.
  • Nervous disorders, stress, depression – all this reduces the tone in the veins, due to the elasticity of their walls are regulated by the nerve endings.
  • An inflammatory disease of the pelvic organs (which, again, is more common in women) – these processes can lead to hormonal imbalances, but also can damage the small blood vessels.
  • Lack of physical activity in life – because of the long session, the veins squeeze, interferes with blood circulation to reduce the tone of the venous walls, and finally the blood begins to stagnate, and there is a varicosity (today doctors there was even a special term – computer varicosity, so a large number of patients, the cause of the disease, which was sedentary work in front of the flickering screen).
  • Excessive exercise – these are weight lifting, excess weight, pregnancy, work, associated with long-term stay on his feet; as a result, significantly increased pressure in the veins that lead to the occurrence of varicosity.
  • Platypodia.
  • The habit always and everywhere to "flaunt" the wrong heels.
  • Constipation, which increases pressure in the abdomen. Injuries and illnesses.
  • Paul – as mentioned above, the risk of varicosity women above.
  • Structure of the body, usually the varicosity often affects people of above-average growth.

Symptoms varicosity in the legs

Symptoms varicosity is characterized by gradual progression. Obvious signs are detected immediately, at the first stage of the disease occurs through:

  • swelling of the feet, especially after a long stay in a sitting or standing position that, as a rule, pass in the morning – the first sign that the deep veins do not cope with their responsibilities;
  • cramps and numbness in the legs, most often, this symptom appears even at night and in the morning;
  • a feeling of heaviness, burning, itching and pain in the legs, especially the typical second half of the day;
  • the first visible signs feature red-blue spider veins and veins, clearly visible on the skin.

The first warning signs should not delay visit to the doctor. As you know, any disease the most treatment in the early stages. If symptoms are ignored and the patient is not considered a sufficient basis for seeking qualified help in the future, he was waiting for such features as:

  • thickening and darkening of the skin of the calf: thus it has stains and peeling;
  • veins become painful on palpation ;
  • severe muscle pain, the intensity of which increases during walking;
  • the appearance of the speakers over the skin in the legs, venous nodes.

If proper care is not named at this stage, the patient is inevitably serious complications, which will be discussed later.

When to see a doctor?

There are signs, the appearance of which is an absolute indication for urgent treatment to the doctor. These are:

  • a feeling of weakness, combined with the shortness of breath and a feeling of lack of oxygen;
  • sharp sharp pain in the foot, part of it is closed, there is a burning sensation;
  • at the beginning of the blood, turning the caller's fears and doubts about the plot.

How is this diagnosis?

Accurate diagnosis can only ask the doctor – phlebologist or vascular surgeon. See a specialist, preferably at the first warning signs of the body. Of course, the first testing procedure are the inspection and survey of the patient. Then, in order to confirm the diagnosis and to get as much information as possible about the nature and severity of the disease may need the following treatments:

  • Ultrasound of the veins of the process of this research not only revealed a varicosity, but also conclusions about the direction of blood flow, presence of clots and tumors, assess the vessels to expand;
  • contrast veno graphy is a very precise and informative investigation method, the results of which is the opportunity to assess the condition of the veins; this examination is carried out by introducing into the human body a contrast agent, coloring of blood.

Both methods are interchangeable. Since at least the invasiveness of the recently popular ultrasound of the veins.

What is dangerous varicosity?

About varicosity is an aphorism created by the doctors "Disease, that occurs in the legs, and shooting in the heart." Indeed, this disease is not only an aesthetic problem, inconvenient, and lower quality of life. Without qualified medical assistance varicosity fraught with serious complications, including death.

So, the effects on varicosity the legs can be:

  • thrombophlebitis – a disease which is associated with the occurrence of inflammatory processes in the affected veins;
  • bleeding;
  • violation of nutrition of tissues;
  • increased pigmentation;
  • increased clot formation is dangerous not only for health, but life complications.

We should say that the general "partner" varicosity on the leg, such as trophic ulcers. The reason for its occurrence is continuous venous insufficiency and high blood pressure in the veins. Such ulcers usually heal slowly, they are very difficult to treat and can thus limit the ability of the patient and can even cause disability. Swelling, unbearable pain and even a bad smell – all this makes life very difficult. The emergence of trophic ulcers, suffering from varicosity people contribute even small injuries and bruises, which it is simply impossible to avoid. By the way, sometimes (rarely) these lesions convert to a malignant tumor.

Treatment of varicosity in the legs

Treatment of varicosity in the legs depends on the first, where the stage of the disease. If we talk about the early stages of the disease, when the not yet announced its complications and irreversible processes, it is commonly used conservative treatment, i.e. treatment without surgery, which may include the following measures:

  • Medications – it comes in the form of tablets (veno-tonic, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, anticoagulants), and local resources, i.e. all sorts of creams.
  • The compressive strength of the treatment, wearing special support stockings or, alternatively, wrap the leg with elastic bandage.
  • Pneumatic massage is performed using the device, the pneumatic massage device that stimulates blood circulation, improves tissue trophism and as a result, unpleasant symptoms varicosity decrease and disappear.
  • Sclerotherapy is used in the case where there is no removal of the affected veins is not enough. Is performed without a surgical scalpel, the vein injected a special closure blood flow to the drug, with the result that the vessel gradually shrivel up and disappear. It does not happen quickly, during the year, maybe one session, but the effect of scleroplastic worth it.
  • Endovenous laser coagulation of one of the modern methods, is performed under local anesthesia, the result can be evaluated after a month.
  • Leeches – this is one of the traditional methods of treatment of varicosity in the legs based on leech – bite of the skin of the patient and the subsequent drinking of blood they produce blood substance hirudin ; however, today it is possible to do without the leeches – on the shelves of pharmacies there are many products that contain this tool.

Prevention of varicose veins

Special attention to the prevention of varicosity in the legs is attached to the high-risk groups: those with relatives suffering from this disease, representatives of certain professions (teachers, hairdressers, etc.), people who are overweight, pregnant, etc.

First, you need to lead an active lifestyle. Sports (swimming, bicycle), I prefer Hiking "permanent" to travel on public transport, climb the floor of the stairs, not the Elevator, etc.

Those who the profession is forced to spend time in a sitting or standing position, you should pay attention to the following recommendations:

  • Long-term better at times stand with your feet and legs, moving on her toes.
  • Office workers spend days behind the computer screen, it is recommended to periodically put his feet on the table – in this position significantly enhance the outflow of blood from the veins of the lower extremities.
  • A small foot support is able to reduce the dangerous pressure; and, in addition, it is very comfortable during long periods of sitting to perform the basic exercises.
  • Simple exercise, which consists of intermittent lift the toes, promoting the excitement of the leg muscles and improve blood circulation.
  • At least once an hour for 5-10 minutes off the bench and get exercise.

Compression is used not only for the treatment of varicosity , but also its prevention. For example, if the person in the family suffering from this disease, during pregnancy, during flights and long journeys by bus or train, in the process of education, it is better to use compression stockings or wrap the leg with elastic bandage.

If the problem has already made itself even the most mild, you should avoid the following:

  • oral contraceptives (those containing hormones, which can aggravate the situation);
  • wearing shoes with heels;
  • excess weight and obesity;
  • eating salty, fatty and spicy food;
  • carrying heavy bags and suitcases (now a very popular travel bag on wheels);
  • waxing;
  • hot long baths;
  • saunas and baths;
  • alcohol abuse, Smoking;
  • self-treatments.
06.02.2018